In life, there are several medical conditions are inherited genetically and there is nothing you can do to prevent them from happening. Being educated about them, however, can really come in handy if you are having medical issues and need guidance from a healthcare professional. If you know what runs in your family’s medical history, you have a better chance of knowing what you will potentially be facing in the future.
Research is being done each and every day to know exactly what causes the various medical conditions that are passed down through genetics. The more they know about these diseases, the better off you will be as a parent to help your child cope with his or her situation.
Here are 7 common medical conditions that are inherited genetically.
1. Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic Fibrosis is one of the most common medical conditions that people get because of their genetics. In order for it to affect you, both of your parents have to suffer from this disease. The symptoms associated with this disease are difficulty breathing, digestion issues, reproductive issues, and lung infections.
2. Huntington’s Disease
Huntington’s Disease is a disease that affects the nervous system in your body. The nerve cells in your brain and entire nervous system are attacked and normally becomes an issue for people between the ages of 30-45 years. There are unfortunate, rare forms that will begin in childhood for some people. If you are suffering from this disease, your symptoms will include random movements, trouble swallowing, difficulty with balance, walking and memory or speech loss.
3. Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle Cell Anemia is the result of your red blood cells not being able to transport oxygen where it needs to go in the body. This is a genetic disease that causes a lot of pain for the patient in their abdomen, chest or in any bone of their body. Other symptoms include an accelerated heart rate, delay in puberty, shortness of breath, leg ulcers, stunted growth, or a fever.
4. Celiac Disease
Celiac Disease is when patients experience a gluten intolerance and prevent them from consuming any food or drink item that has gluten in it. Cases that are not diagnosed can lead to malnutrition or starvation and ultimately end in death. If you are having severe digestive pain, talk to your healthcare provider about the possibility of you having a gluten intolerance or Celiac Disease.
5. Becker Muscular Dystrophy
Becker Muscular Dystrophy is a disease that affects people by leaving them with mental retardation and very weak muscles. Most of the time these patients have to be transported around in a wheelchair as their legs are not strong enough to allow them to walk on their own. This disease first affects the upper body muscles before the lower body muscles.
6. Bloom’s Syndrome
Bloom’s Syndrome affects Ashkenazi Jews predominantly and is seen by the appearance of a slim face, petite stature, bloated nose, rash on the face, high pitched voice, as well as severe sensitivity to the sun.
7. Down Syndrome
Down Syndrome affects 1 in 1000 babies and is more evident in pregnancies where the mother is older in age. There is an extra chromosome present on the chromosome 21 and can usually be detected before birth by the use of an ultrasound in prenatal care. The heart and digestive systems are usually the ones needing medical attention, but there is also the weakness of facial muscles that make it very evident of Down Syndrome when the baby is first born.
These medical conditions all require a lot of medical intervention, but if you are aware of these being in your family, you can better prepare yourself if you are trying to have children. Telling your doctor about your family’s history will help as you cope with the possibility of having a child who suffers from one of these diseases. Having the information needed to help you through these various medical trials life throws will help you to feel more in control of you and your children’s health.